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Latest Articles

  • Review article - Lifesciences Published: Aug 14, 2015

    Kupffer Cell Metabolism and Function

    Kupffer cells are resident liver macrophages and play a critical role in maintaining liver functions. Under physiological conditions, they are the first innate immune cells and protect the liver from bacterial infections. Under pathological conditions, they are activated by different components and can differentiate into M1-like (classical) or M2-like (alternative)…

    -Nguyen-Lefebre AT and Anatolij Horuzsko

  • Research article - Medical Published: Aug 03, 2015

    Reducing Pain Associated with Immunization in Three- to Four- Year- Old Children: A Randomized Clinical Trial

    Participants were 102 children aged 3 to 4 years who were given an immunization in an urban pediatric clinic in Japan. They were randomly assigned to one of three groups, which either 1) watched an animated DVD (Animation group; n = 35), 2) received interactive intervention using picture cards (Card…

    -Junko Watanabe and Kimie Tanimoto

  • Editorial - Medical Published: Jul 30, 2015

    Decade of the Woman!

    We are just about half way through this decade which has been highly significant for women of this world. Women have been elected leaders in many countries including Germany, South Korea and Brazil. A highly qualified woman is in charge of shaping foreign policy of India, the largest democracy. The…

    -Madhwa Raj

  • Research article - Medical Published: Aug 10, 2015

    The Benefit of Separate Bulb Biopsy in Children Undergoing an Esophagogastroduodenoscopy

    Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) is an essential diagnostic test in children with gastrointestinal diseases. Small bowel biopsies (SBB) are usually collected from the distal duodenum. A duodenal bulb biopsy (DBB) is recommended in children with celiac disease (CD), because up to 8% can have exclusive bulb injury. This study aims to assess…

    -Rami Gebrail, Joseph A. Murray, Imad Absah

  • Review article - Lifesciences Published: Jul 03, 2014

    Japanese Diet: An Explanation for Japanese Paradox

    The current life expectancy of the Japanese is the longest in the world, and their nutritional intake pattern is likely to contribute at least in part to their longevity. However, the two cross-sectional studies suggested that adherence to some traditional dietary patterns in Japanese might be related to impaired glucose…

    -Yasuyuki Nakamura and Hirotsugu Ueshima